The first international cricket match was played between Canada and the United States, on 24 and 25 September 1844. However, the first Test match was played in 1877 between Australia and England, and the two teams played regularly for The Ashes Tournament in subsequent years. Cricket was also included as an Olympic sport at the 1900 Paris Games, where Great Britain defeated France to win the medal, This was the only appearance of cricket at the Summer Olympics.
The first Tri-Series competition at international level was conducted in 1912 in England between all three Test-playing nations at that time which are England, Australia, and South Africa. The event was not a success due to exceptionally wet summer, which made playing the game difficult on damp uncovered pitches, also attendance for these match was very poor. Since then, international Test cricket has generally been organized as bilateral series, a Tri-Series Test tournament was not organized again until the triangular Asian Test Championship in 1999.
The number of nations playing Test cricket increased gradually over time, with the addition of West Indies in 1928, New Zealand in 1930, India in 1932, and Pakistan in 1952. However, international cricket continued to be played as bilateral Test matches over three, four or five days.
In the early 1960s, English county cricket teams began playing a shortened version of cricket which only lasted for one day. Started in 1962 with a four-team knockout competition known as the Midlands Knock-Out Cup, and then continued the same format with the inaugural Gillette Cup in 1963, one-day cricket grew in popularity in England. A national Sunday League was formed in 1969. The first One-Day International match was played on the fifth day of a rain-aborted Test match between England and Australia at Melbourne in 1971, to fill the time available and as compensation for the frustrated crowd. It was a forty over a game with eight balls per over.
In the late 1970s, Kerry Packer established the rival World Series Cricket (WSC) competition. It introduced many of the now commonplace features of One Day International cricket, including colored uniforms, matches played at night under floodlights with a white ball and dark sight screens, and, for television broadcasts, multiple camera angles, effects microphones to capture sounds from the players on the pitch, and on-screen graphics. The first of the matches with colored uniforms was the WSC Australians in wattle gold versus WSC West Indians in coral pink, played at VFL Park in Melbourne on 17 January 1979. The success and popularity of the domestic one-day competitions increased in England and other parts of the world, which lead the ICC to consider organizing a Cricket World Cup.
The First World Cup is played in the year 1975 and eight Countries that represented the World Cup are Australia, England, India, New Zealand, Pakistan, West Indies, Sri Lanka, and East Africa. This was officially called The Prudential Cup “75 which was won by West Indies.